Spontaneous bone regeneration after removal of cysts: One-year follow-up of 336 consecutive cases


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An intra-oral view during the cyst enucleation. (Image: Dr. Marco DiDio et al.)
Dr. Marco DiDio et al.

By Dr. Marco DiDio et al.

Mon. 22. August 2016


Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess spontaneous bone healing after enucleation of large jaw cysts without using any grafting material.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Oral Surgery of the San Giovanni Calibita Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Rome, Italy. Between January 2000 and July 2012, 336 consecutive patients with large jaw cysts (average size of 1.50 ± 0.80 × 1.06 ± 0.50 cm) were treated by a Partch II surgical enucleation. Postoperative clinical and radiographic examinations were performed at ten and 30 days, respectively, and then at six and 12 months on the basis of panoramic radiographs, using the Kawai et al. classification.

Results: Healing and radiographic spontaneous bone regeneration of the residual cavities were obtained in all of the cases. Radiographic controls after cystic enucleation showed no evidence of recurrence.

Conclusion: The study demonstrated that spontaneous bone regeneration can be obtained after enucleation of large jaw cysts without using filling material, thereby decreasing the financial and biological costs and reducing the risk of postoperative complications.

Editorial note: The full article was published in the 2/2016 issue of the Journal of Oral Science and Rehabilitation. Access the full article at www.dtscience.com.

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